Part 4 is about the Negro in World War One; beginning on page 189.
Table of Contents: Part 1: Resume of the Historical Background of the American Negro, Background in Africa and America (Native Races and Culture of America; The Slave Trade and Transplanting of the Negro into the New World; History of Negro Slavery in Central and South America, and in the Colonies of North America; Economic and Climatic Factors Influencing the Distributuion of Slavery in the United States; Service of the Negro to the North and South in the Civil War; The Begining of Negro Education in the Southern States); Part Two, The Negro in the Northern States Since the Civil War; Economic Status of the Northern Negroes (Opportunities in the Skilled and Unskilled Trades; In Domestic Service; Enlarging Field for Negro Labor in the Big Industries; Relation of the Negro to Union Labor; Negroes in the Mercantile Business and in the Professtions); Domestic and Social Life in New York (The Housing Problem; Negro Quarters in New York; Harlem, the Great Negro Capital; Social Activities abd Social Stratification; Human Nature As Seen at the Bottom and at the Top); Domestic and Social Life in Chicago (The Black Belt of Chicago; Character of the Houses; Opposition to Selling or Renting Houses to Negroes in White Districts; Methods Employed to Keep the Negroes Out; Claim That Negro Invasions Depreciate Property; Negro Quartersin Philadelphia and Other Cities); Racial Separation (Negro Churches, Clubs, Fraternal Orders, Hotels, Theaters, Dance Halls, and So Forth; Refusal or Discouragment of Negro Patronage by Public Resorts and Private Businesses Primarily for Whites; Avoidance of Embarrassment through Exercise of Good Sense by Both Races); The Negro as a Citizen (His Part in Politics; Bad Influence of the Negro Vote in Some Cities; Share of the Negro in the Spoils of Office); Criminality of the Negro in the North (Reason for Greater Criminality in the North Than in the South; Reason for Greatest Criminality in the West; Reason for Existence of Great Crime Center in Chicago; Paramount Importance of Bad Environment As a Cause of Negro Crime); Friction Between the Races (Frequent Occirrence of Clashes and Riots Due To Race Friction; The Springfield Riot of 1908; The Waukegan Riot of 1917; The St. Louis Riots of 1917; The Chicago Riot of 1919); Educational Status of Northern Negroes (Problems of Avoiding Race Friction in the Elementary Schools; Social Seperation of the Races in the High Schools; Lack of Elementary Education Adapted to the Negro's Needs; Negroes in Northern and Western Universities); Religious Aspects of Northern Negroes (The Northern Negro Preacher in Politics; Negro Churches and Negro Membership in White Churches; Tribulations of the Negro Pastor; Character of Negro Preachers; Example of Heroic Ministry); Part Three, The Negro In the Southern States Since the Civil War, The Negro in Economic Life (Negro Landowners, Tenants, and Wage Workers in the Field of Agriculture; Description of Rural Negro Homes; Decline in Number of Negroes in Domestic Service; Increasing Opportunities for the Negro in Manufacturing and Mechanical Industries); Domestic and Social Life of the Negro (Negro Quarters in Cities; Looseness of Family Ties; Handicap of Negro Mothers in Having to Work Away from Home and Support the Family; Short Period of Infancy; Progress in the Development of Chastity in Spite of Adverse Conditions; Rich and Varied Social Life); The Negro as a Political Factor (Strength of the Negro Vote and Possibilites of Negro Domination; Franchise Laws Limiting the Negro Vote; Reasons for the Grandfather Clause; Result of Removal of the Negro Menace in Bringing a Better Class of White Men into Politics); Regulaton of Non-Political Rights (Separation of the Races on Railway Trains and Street Cars; Impracticality of Street-car Seperation in Large Cities; The Problem of the Sleeping Car; Negroes Have Their Own Hotels, Restaurants, Theatres, and So Forth); The Negro as a Violator of the Law (Greater Frequency of Negro Crime in the City than in the Country; Greater Frequency of Crime Against the Person Than Against Property; Erroneous Notions as to the Extent of Negro Theft and Rape; Paramount Importance of Bad Environment as a Factor in Negro Crime); The Lynching Practice in the South; Its Origin and Present Tendency; The Kinds of Crime Which Provoke Lynchings; Decline in Cases of Rape and in Number of Lynchings; Effort to Repress Lynchings by Educating Public Sentiment and by Raising the Cultural Status of Both Races); Other Outrages Upon Negroes (Assaults on Negroes by White Mobs; Destruction of Property; Expulsion from the Country; Influence of the Ku Klux; Race Riots); The Peonage of Negroes (Its Origin; Character and Extent of It; Laws Which Encourage Peopage; The Remedy; General Extent of Outrages upon the Negro; What the White People are Doing and Should Do to Give the Negro a Square Deal); The Negro Before Southern Courts (How the Negro Fares When he Commits Crime against the Whites and When the Whites Commit Crime against Him; White Friends of the Negro in COurt; Frequent Renderings of Signal Justice to the Negro by White Juries); The Negro as a Convict (Various Systems of Employing the Convicts; The Lease or Contract System; The State Farm System; The Chaingang; Advantages and Drawbacks of the Several Systems; Progress of the SOuth in Solving the Problem of Convict Labor); Public School Education (Negro Common Schools in the South; Percentage of Negro Children Enrolled; Progress in Dunubusgubg Ukkteracy; Increase in Length of the School Term; Higher Qualifications and Salaries for Teachers; Comparative Cpst pf Megrp amd White Schools; Development of High Schools, State Normals, and Local Training-scholls; Movement for Model School-houses); Institutions of Higher Learning (Institutions of Higher Learning and for Technical Instruction Supported by the States and Federal Government; Institutions of Higher Learning Supported by White Religious Organizations; Endowments of White Philanothropists to Aid Negro Educations; Donations of the Negroes Themselves for the Education of Their Race); Institutions of Higher Learning (Con't) (Institutions of Higher Learning Supported by the Negroes Themselves; Endowed and Variously Supported Professional and Industrial Schools; The Work of Hampton and Tuskegge; Public Libraries for Negroes); The Situation in Higher Education (Gemeral Estimate of Institutions of Higher Learning for Negroes; Too Many of Such Institutions; Many of Them Badly Located; Need of Elimination and Cooperation in the Intrests of Efficiency); Religious Development of the Negro (Church Affiliations; Emotional Outbursts at Revival Meetings; Character of Negro Preachers; Their Former Tendemcy to Become Leaders in Politics; Social Aspects of the Negro Church; Great Value of Religion for the Colored People); Part Four, The NEgro In the War, Training Camps and Race Troubles ( First Employment of Negro Troops; Negro Selectmen in the Training Camps; Race Troubles in Texas, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Elsewhere); Service of American Troops as a Whole (Service of the American Troops in Stopping the German Drive in 1918, and in Forcing the Germans Back; The St. Mihiel Offensive and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive); Service of the 369th Infantry (Employment in the Building Terminals at St. Nazaire, January, 1918; Experience of the Third Battalion in Guarding German Prisoners in Brittany; The Taking Over of a Section in the Champagne District; Transference to the Line Below Minancourt in June; The Last German Drive, July 15; Participation in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive of September 26); Service of the 370th Infantry (Occupation of a St. Mihiel Sector June 21; Transference to Argonne Forest July 4; To the Soissons Sector in August; And to the Oise-Aisne Canal in September; Participation in the Allied Offensive of September and October Which Drove the Germans across the Belgian Border); Service of the 371st Regiment (Activities Near Verdum; In the MeuseArgonne Drive; Spotlessness of Record); Service of the 372nd Regiment (Occupation of Line in Argonne Forest; Trouble with Colored Officers ; Discharge or Transference of Many Colored Officers; Occupation of Line in the Champagne Sector; Good Account of Themselves GIver in the September 26th Offensive); Service of the 92nd Division (Taking Over of the St. Die Sector August 25; Transerferemce tp tje Argonne September 21; Two Flights from the Front; Court-martial of Leaders for Cowardice; Transference to the Marbache Sector October 5; Participation in the Final Allied Drive of November 10 and 11); Worth of the Negor Troops ( Summary of the Services of the Colored Units; Recipients of the Croix de Guerre; Citations forDistinguished Service; General Bullard's Criticisms of the 92nd Division; General Estimate of the Negro as a Soldier; Enlivening Effect of Negro Regimental Bands in the Camps; Introduction of the French People to Jazz Music); Part Five Negro Migration, Migration Previous to 1914 (Movement of the Negro During the Days of Slavery; Escape of Runaways to Free Soil; Attraction of Free Negroes to the West and to the Industrial Centers in the South; Trend of Negro Migration after the Civil War; Exodus to the West in 1879; Moment from the Farms to the Towns; Comcurrent Migration of Negroes and Whites to the North and West); Recent Migration (Extent of Migration North and South; Northern-born Negroes More Migrant that Southern-born; Southern Negro Migration between States; Excess of Volume of White Migration Over That of Negro Migration; Causes Which Have Influenced the Migrants; Advantages and Disadvantages of the Migration to Both races; Gains of the South in Both Negro and White Population); Part Six The Negro in Literature and Art Writings of Northern Whites (References to the Negro by Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper; The Anti-slavery Poetry of Whittier, Lowell and Whitman; Mrs. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin; Olmsted's Journeys Through the South; Sociological Studies of the Negro); Mark Twain's Delineation (Pudd'nhead Wilson, Dealing with the Tragedy of the Mulatto; Tom Sawyer Abroad; General Attitude of Mark Twain Toward th Negro); Writings of Southern Whites (Joel Chandler Harris's Uncle Remus and Other Stories; Thomas Nelson Page, the Interpreter of the Virginia Slave; Dialect Stories of Ambrose Gonzales; Novels of Tom Dixon; James Lane Allen; Other Authors Dealing with the Negro); Negro Poets (Paul Laurence Dunbar; Claude McKay; James Weldon Johnson; Means, Hawkins, Corrothers, and Fenton Johnson; Recent Tendencies in Negro Peotry; The Tragedy of the Mulattoes Revealed in Poetry); Negro Novelists and Historians (Novels of Chesnutt and Dunbar; Historical Studies of Williams, Brawley Scott, Grimke, and Others); The Negro on the Race Problem (Personality and Points of View of Booker T. Washington, W.E.B DuBois, and James D. Corrothers; Discussions of the Broblem by Thomas, Holtzclaw, Kelly Miller, and Others); Negro Folk Songs (Their African Origin; Spirituals of the Southern Plantations; Funeral Songs; Work Songs; Satirical and Humorous Songs; Influence of Negro Folk SOngs on the Music of the Whites); Modern Negro Music; Negro Dance (Negro Music Since the Civil War; Negro Composers and Vocal Artists; The Jubilee Singers; The Famous "Blind Tom" and Other Instrumentalists; Ragtime and Jazz; The African Dance and Its Modification in America; Blending of the Dance with Religious Exercises); Negro Drama, Painting, and Sculpture (Ira Oldridge and Charles Gilpin as Dramatists; Henry O. Tanner, E.W.Scott and AlbertSmith as Paiters; Edmonia Lewis and Meta Warrick as Sculptors); The Negro Press (Reprensentative Newspapers and Magazines; Contrast between Northern and Southern Papers; Overemphasis of Negro's Grievances by the Negro Press; Obligations of Both the Negro and the White Press to Bring About Better Race Relations); Part Seven Proposed Solutions of the Negro Problem, The Nature of the Problem (A[[rpach from the Standpoint of History, Biology, Anthropology and Psychology; Th Aurthor's Personal Observations of the Negro in the United States; Definition of Race; The Problem of Harmonizing the Interests of Two Unlike Races in the Same Territory and Under the Same Government); Amalgamation: Argument of Equality (Argument that Races are Equal; Standards for Measuring Superiority of One Race over Another in Physical Appearance; Difference in Ideals of Aesthetic Values; Question in the Mentak Equality of Races; Humanitarians and Men of Science who Uphold the Doctrine of Race Equality); Amalgamation: Argument of Inequality (Authors Who Hold that Races are Endowed with Unequal Capacities; Darwin; Romanes; Galton; Tylor; Keane; Marett; Gobineau; Taine; Huntionton; Dixon; Osborn; Angell; East; Grant; Wissler and Others); Writers on Negro Inferiority (Sir H.H. Johnson; Lombroso; Carlyle; Jefferson; Shaler; Hart; Evans; Bryant and Others; Question of the Superiority of the Mulatto); Difference of Races (Relation of the Size of the Brain to Intelligence; Inferences from the Smaller Brain of the Negro; Non-significance of Size of the Brain in Determining the Mental Capacity; Inferiority of the Negro As Shown by Psychological Tests Applied to Negroes and Whites; Lack of Standard for Determining the Superiority of One Race over Another; The Indisputable Fact of Race Difference); Negro-Caucasian Physicak Contrasts (Anatomy and Physiology of the Negro; Resistance to Disease; Muscular Strength; Acuteness of the Senses; Wide Difference among the Negroes Themselves); The Psyche of the Negro (Cheerfulness; Impulsiveness; Vanity; Improvidence Frankness; Truthfulness; Sympathetic Response; Emotionalism; Intolerance of Discilpine Restlessness; Irrational Thinking; Reminiscent Imagination; Feeble Inhibiting Power, etcetera); Biological Aspects of Amalgamation (The Function of Crossing among Plants and Animals; Consequences of Crossing Near and Distantly Related Types; Importance as a Factor in Crossings of the Quality of the Characters Inherited; Biolocial Considerations Weighing Against Amalgamation); Psychological Aspects of Amalgamation (The Cause of Racial Affinities and Antipaties; Natural Impulses Which Develop Consciousness of Kind; Control of Consciousness of Kind over the Social and Sexual Relations between Animal Groups; Illicit Sex Relations between Different Races; Operation of Psycgological Laws to Prevent Too Intimate Inbreeding and Too Distant Outbreeding); Sociological Aspects (Question of Importance of Amalgamation As A Factor in the Evolution of Culture; Light on the Question from History; Social Conditions Favorable to Cultural Advance); Sociological Aspects (Con't) (Dependence of the Value of Amalgamation Upon The Culture Level of the Races Forming the Amalgam; The Effect of Contact of Races on Different Levels and on the Level of Culture; Beneficial Effects of Amalgamation of Races on High Levels of Culture and on Nearly the Same Levels); Extent of Amalgamation (Decline of Lawful Marriage Shown by Statistics on Intermarriage; Excess of Number of Marriages between White Women and Negro Men over Number between Negro Women and White Men; Inferior Character of the Whites and Blacks who Intermarry; Marked Diminution of Illicit Intercourse between the Races); Opposition to Amalgamation (Sentiment of the Whites and Negroes against Amalgamation; Representative Opinions of Men of Both Races; Unity of the Spokesmen of Negroes of the South Against Amalgamation; The Futility of Arguing Amalgamation As a Solution of the Race Problem); Colonization as a Solution (Efforts to Colonize the Negro in Africa; Lincoln's Plan of Colonizing the Negro in the West indies; Archer's Idea of Colonizing the Negro in lower California; Views of Henry M. Stanley and Otehrs on Colonization; The Marcus Garvey Scheme; Question of the Negro's Aptitude for Colonization); Race Segregation as a Solution (Natural Tendency of the Races to Kepp Apart; Negro Segregation in America; Opposition of the Negroes to Enforced Segregation; Advantages and Disadvantages of Segregation; Views of James Bryce on the Subject); A Free State in the Black Belt (Proposal to Create a Colored Free State out of the Southern Black Belt; Possibility That Immigration of Dark Whites from Southern Europe or Mexico May Lead to a Hybrid Race Similar to That of Tropical South America; Supposition That the Political Power of This Hyrbid Race Would Be Intolerable to the Northern and Western States, and Lead to the Erection of a Colored Free State); Civil Equality as a Solution (Practical Difficulties of Enforcing Civil Equality in a Nation of Racial Diversity; Failure to Enforce Civil Equality in the South During the Reconstruction Period; Result of Effort to Eliminate Color Discrimination in the Franchise; Theory of john Stuart Mill That Only One Race Can Govern in a One Territory; Theory of Charles Francis Adams That the Principle of Equality Applied to the Negro and Caucasian Works Only Chaos); White Supremacy As a Solution (Unwillingness of the Caucasian to Divide Responsibility with Another Race in the Same Territory; The Caucasian's Strong Sense of Consciousness of Kind and Strong Snese of Property Rights; Theory of Carlyle That the Right to Hold and Control Territory Belongs to the Race Best Fitted to Use it; Superior Claims of the Caucasian to Territory in America); Education As the Solution (Argument That It Is Unjust to Place the Burden of Educating the Negro upon the South and That the National government Should Help; Views of the Ex-President Taft, Raymond Patterson, William H. H. Hart, and Others); Different Negro Points of View (Interest in Social Equality and in Political Measures amond Northern Negros; Ideas of DuBois and Booker Washington Contrastyed; Denunciation of Roosevelt and Harding by Northern Negroes for Their Remarks on the Race Problem; Evidence That the Negroes Are Losing Ground Because of Their Radical Leadership); Part Eight: The Future of the Negro, Biological Chances of Survival (Absence of a Solution of the Negro Problem in Social Science; Relinquishment of the Problem to the BiologicalPrinciple of the Survival of the Fittest; Probability of the Survival of the Negro from the Standpoint of History and Vital Statistics); Economic Chances of Survival (Probability of the Survival of the Negro from the Standpoint of His Economic Status; His Apparent Failure to Advance Up to 1895; Gloomy Predictions for His Future at That Time; Wonderful Strides After 1895 under the Leadership of Booker Washington; Rise of a Prosperous Negro Middle Class; Problem of the Ability of the Negro to Keep Pace with the Ever0-increasing Specialization and Intensification of Industry); Part Nine: Paths of Hope, Racial Cooperation (Grounds for an Encouraging Outlook; Lines of Endeavor Favoring Survival; Need of the Races for More Knowledge of Each Other and More Friendly Cooperation; Recent Efforts Towards Inter-racial Understanding and Uplift; Work of the Y.M.C.A., University Professors, the Commission on Inter-racial Cooperation and Other Organizations; Part Played in Uplift by Southern White Women); Racial Social Adjustment (Necessity for Effective Cooperation of inter-racial Understanding on the Social Question; Variations of the Color Line under Different Conditions of Race Contact; The Natural Tendency of Unlike Races to Live Apart; Contrast Between the Northern and Southern Negroes on the Social Question; Tighter Drawing of the Color Line Resulting from Agitation against It; Hope of Mutual Understanding on the Social Question and of Increasing Inter-racial Cooperation); Suggested Spheres of Negro Activity ( Propitiousness for the Survival of the Negro of Conditions Which Minimize Competition with the Whites; Advantages of the Natural Tendency of the Negro to Keep Apart; Need of Training More Negroes for Skilled Labor and for Professional Careers; Need of Education Adapted to the Negro's Cultural Status and Spheres of Activity); Good Homes, Less Politics, More Vision (Paths of Hope in the Direction of Better Dwelling-houses and Better Protection of the Negro's Home; The Suppression of Mobs; Less Concentration upon Politics; Better Understanding Between the North and South on the Political Question; Removal of Incentives for the White Demagogue; Golden Opportunities Now Beckoning to the NEgro of Thrift); Faith in Achievement (Paths of Hope in the Direction of Revivification of the Negro's Religion; The Development of His Natural Aesthetic Aptitudes; The Complexity and Multiplicity of the Difficulties of the Negro Problem; Likelihood of Compensating Advantages to Both Races If Each Faces the Problem with Soldierly Courage and Faith in Human Destiny); List of Principle Sources Used in the Preparation of the Text; Index.
|Title||The Negro in American Life|
|Published Place||New York|
Racially mixed people
|Library of Congress Control Number||unk82073885|